埃及委员会批准宪法草案 Egyptian Panel Approves Draft Constitution

30 November, 2012

由伊斯兰主义者主导的委员会已经批准了埃及的新宪法草案,这一草案现在必须交付全民公决。

这个委员会遭到几名基督徒和自由派成员的抵制,但委员会仍把伊斯兰法规的原则作为主要立法来源。该委员会从星期四下午开始举行会议,会议持续到星期五凌晨,匆忙批准了宪法草案的234项条文。

该委员会将宪法草案表决日期提前,以便在埃及最高宪法法院预期周日裁定是否解散该委员会之前通过宪法草案。

在过去几天中,大约30名自由派人士和基督教成员退出了宪法起草委员会,以抗议他们所说的效忠于埃及总统穆尔西的伊斯兰主义者强行操纵宪法起草过程。

埃及总统穆尔西上星期颁发政令,赋予自己广泛的新权力,因而引发了国内政治动荡局势。穆尔西星期四接受埃及国家电视台采访时说,选民就新宪法投票后,他颁布的政令将立即失效。

穆尔西总统的扩权政令引发了埃及民众持续一个多星期的抗议。在全国范围的示威活动中,两人被打死,数百人受伤。


An Islamist-dominated panel has approved Egypt's new draft constitution that must now be voted on in a nationwide referendum.  

The panel, boycotted by several Christian and liberal members, has retained the principles of Islamic law as the main source of legislation. The group hastily rushed through the approval of the 234 articles in a meeting that lasted from Thursday afternoon until early Friday.

The assembly moved up the vote in order to pass the draft before Sunday, when Egypt's highest judicial power is expected to rule on whether to dissolve the panel.

Over the past few days, about 30 liberal and Christian members pulled out of the panel to protest what they called the hijacking of the process by Islamists loyal to President Mohamed Morsi.

The Egyptian leader caused a political uproar last week when he granted himself sweeping new powers. Mr. Morsi told state television Thursday the decree will end immediately after people vote on the constitution.

Egyptians angered by the president's power grab have protested for more than a week. Two people have been killed and hundreds injured in the nationwide demonstrations.