Since ancient times, cultures around the world have been making and performing with puppets. They express the ideas and beliefs of human societies through stories. Puppets are lifeless objects that are controlled in such a way as to become lifelike. It is the role of the puppeteer to make these forms come alive.
Join us as we explore the world of puppetry and visit an organization in Atlanta, Georgia that works to support this special art form.
In Japan, the tradition of bunraku puppetry dates back hundreds of years. A bunraku puppet is quite large. Unlike most puppets, it requires three puppeteers to control. One puppeteer controls the doll's head, face, and right hand. Another puppeteer controls the doll's left hand. And the third operates its legs and feet. The puppeteers train for many years to move as one in bringing the puppet to life to act in complex theater productions.
In Turkey, the Karagoz tradition of shadow puppets began around the seventeenth century. These Turkish shadow puppets are flat. They are made of very thin pieces of leather that have been painted with bright colors. With shadow puppets, the puppeteer stands behind a white cloth surface and rests the slightly see-through puppets against the cloth. Light behind the cloth screen illuminates the colorful puppets for the people watching on the other side.
The Punch and Judy tradition of puppet shows has its roots in the sixteenth century Italian Commedia dell'Arte theater. Punch and Judy shows later became very popular in Britain. Many other countries have their own versions of Punch and Judy puppets. The French equivalent to Punch is Polichinelle, while in Russia he goes by the name Petrushka.
Punch and Judy木偶戏源于16世纪的意大利喜剧作品剧场。Punch and Judy后来在英国非常流行。许多其他国家都拥有自己版本的Punch and Judy木偶。法国的Polichinelle木偶相当于Punch，而在俄罗斯这种木偶则叫做Petrushka。
Educational programs are another big part of the Center for Puppetry Arts. Adults can take classes to learn how to build and operate puppets.
The center's distance learning program uses puppets to teach children in classrooms in forty-four American states. By using video technology, educators and performers at the center in Atlanta, Georgia can connect with classrooms around the country.
The program uses puppets to teach students about subjects such as dinosaurs, plants and the rainforest. Other programs tell about American and European literature or about puppet traditions around the world.
例句：An apparently lifeless area of water.
He is lifeless that is faultless.
例句：The galloping horses he painted are extremely lifelike.
4.illuminate vt. 照明,阐明,说明,使灿烂,用灯装饰
例句：Footnotes illuminate the difficult passage of the book.
The streets were brightly illuminated.
5.branch v.分支,出枝 n. 树枝,支店,支流,分部,部门
例句：The bank has branches in all parts of the country.
The bank has decided to close its Los Angeles branch.
1.In Japan, the tradition of bunraku puppetry dates back hundreds of years.
date back to始于,可以追溯到…
例句：The history of hockey can date back to thousands ago.
the ancient and now extinct language of Pharaonic Egypt; written records date back to 3000 BC.
2.The Punch and Judy tradition of puppet shows has its roots in the sixteenth century Italian Commedia dell'Arte theater.
has its roots in起源于
例句：It has its roots deep in the Middle Ages. :
3.Rod puppets are controlled by a stick or wire attached to the puppet's main body parts.
例句：He is attached to the embassy.
Shellfish usually attach themselves to rocks.
He was strongly attached to his home.
Since ancient times, cultures around the world have been making and performing with puppets.
(1) 现在完成时强调动作的完成，而现在完成进行时强调动作的延续，因此，表示动作的完成，只能用现在完成时，而不能用现在完成进行时。如：He has changed his idea. 他改变了想法。
We have been studying here for two years. 我们在这儿已经学习了两年了。
(3) 有些延续性动词(如 keep, learn, live, stay, study, work等)，用于现在完成时或现在完成进行时的区别不大。如：
I have lived here for many years.=I have been living here for many years. 我在这儿住了多年了。