Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.
Throughout history, gold has been a sign of purity, beauty and power. Calling something golden means it has great quality and value.
For example, the golden rule is possibly the world's most widespread moral rule.
It says people should treat others the way they themselves would like to be treated. Every major religion has its own version of this idea.
The golden ratio is found in art, architecture and nature. It describes a rectangle with a length about one and one-half times its width. Objects using this ratio in their design seem to please the eye more than others.
Philosophers have their own golden idea. The golden mean says moderation in all things is the best way to live one's life. It is an idea linked to the Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle. Similar thoughts exist in Buddhism and Confucianism.
哲学家都有自己的金点子（golden idea）。中庸思想（golden mean）称，在所有事物中，中庸之道是生存的最佳方式。这是和古希腊哲学家亚里士多德有关的一个想法。类似的想法也存在于佛教和儒教思想中。
Ancient Greek myths told of a time long ago when people lived in peace and happiness. Poets called it the Golden Age. A golden age now describes a historical period of great artistic, scientific or economic progress. It can even recall a time of success and popularity for an industry. For example, the nineteen thirties and forties were called the Golden Age of Radio.
You may have heard the proverb silence is golden. This means silence is of great value. It is sometimes better to say nothing than to speak.
You might say your child was good as gold when he behaved well at school. British writer Charles Dickens used this expression in eighteen forty-three. He was describing the child Tiny Tim in the book "A Christmas Carol."
当你的孩子在学校表现很好，你可能会说他很乖（good as gold）。英国作家查尔斯·狄更斯1843年在《圣诞颂歌》一书中使用这个词语形容书中的一个名为蒂尼·齐姆的孩子。
In nineteen thirty-seven, American playwright Clifford Odets wrote a play called "The Golden Boy." This expression describes a young man who has many good qualities and a bright future.
1937年，美国剧作家克利福德·奥德茨写下戏剧《金童》（The Golden Boy）。金童一词用来形容具有良好素质和光明未来的青年。
You might tell someone you are golden when that person does something very well.
当某人强于做某事时，你可能会告诉他你很牛（you are golden，有些地方则译为你很珍贵之类的）。
Gold digger is another description. But this does not say something nice about a person. A gold digger is someone who seeks to marry a rich person because he or she is only interested in that person's money.
Maybe you like old songs from the nineteen fifties or sixties that are still well known and popular today. These are called golden oldies.
In the nineteen eighties and nineties, an American television comedy series told about four older women living in Miami, Florida. The Golden Girls often dealt with social issues in a funny way.
Today, most older people look forward to reaching their golden years. This is when hard-working people can retire to a life of ease and fulfillment.
今天，大多数老年人希望安度晚年（reaching their golden years），这是指辛勤工作的人们能退休享受安逸满足的生活。