In April, as America shutdown to stop the spread of the new coronavirus, used-car salesman Alex Tovstanovsky bought as many cars as he could find. His business in the Illinois town of Naperville was filled with used vehicles, cars that are no longer new and up for resale.

    The price of these cars had fallen to the lowest levels he had ever seen. He believed the market for used cars was about to grow a lot – and he was correct.

    Now, as Americans return to work, car buyers are mostly looking at used cars. With his large number of cars, Tovstanovsky can offer lower prices than his competitors. His sales are up 38 percent when compared to May 2019.

    Growing demand has now pushed used car prices about 20 percent higher than they were when Tovstanovsky began buying in April.

    "I just wish I'd bought more cars when prices were low," he said.

    American economic activity has fallen very sharply because of restrictions meant to control the spread of the coronavirus. Americans do not want to spend money on things like new cars. Instead, they are trying to save money by buying used cars, often less than 60 percent the cost of a new one.

    Used car dealers are now trying to buy as many used vehicles as they can, although the economy still looks shaky.

    "We don't have enough inventory," said George Arison. He is co-chief executive officer of online used-car seller Shift. By the end of April, Shift's sales returned to levels the company had seen before the coronavirus arrived in the United States.

    Americans usually choose used cars in difficult times. Cars are important in a country where in most places it can be difficult to get to work without a vehicle.

    But growing used car sales are a problem for the big automakers. They want people to buy new cars. They need to sell those cars to get the money they lost when sales stopped during the two-month shut down for coronavirus.

    According to Cox Automotive, new car sales for the week ending May 28 were down 28 percent, but sales of used cars rose 6 percent. The prices of used cars also rose 5.7 percent in the beginning of May, reported Cox Unite Manheim.
    根据Cox Automotive公司的数据,截至5月28日的这周的新车销量下降了28%,而二手车销量增长了6%。据Cox Unite Manheim公司报道,5月初二手车价格上涨了5.7%。

    The company Carmax Inc. is the country's No. 1 seller of used vehicles. It has asked nearly 60 percent of its 15,500 employees to return to work.

    Its chief marketing officer Jim Lyski said he believes the company will become stronger as used car sales increase in the months ahead.

    Right now, used car salesmen say their companies and buyers are finding it easy to get loans for used cars. However, one major bank, Wells Fargo & Co, said this week it will stop offering loans to many used car companies because of economic uncertainty.

    Used-car dealers say recent buyers have included those who recently received a government check for $1,200. The government issued these checks to most Americans to help the economy.

    "I've seen a lot of down payments this month of exactly $1,200," said Scott Allen. He is the owner of Auto Land in Fort Worth, Texas, which sells older used vehicles. After being closed for nearly a month from March 23, Allen's sales in May were up 55 percent over his usual sales for that month.
    斯科特·艾伦表示:“本月我看到了很多笔首付款刚好是1200美元。”他是得克萨斯州沃斯堡市销售老旧二手车的Auto Land公司的老板。从3月23日起关闭了将尽一个月时间之后,艾伦5月份的销售额比他该月的正常销售额增长了55%。

    But both the new and used car industry is worried about the future. Many Americans lease vehicles for two years and then return a nearly-new car. More than 4 million are due to be returned to the market this year, nearly 340,000 each month. These cars could flood the market and force prices down.

    I'm Susan Shand.