名师答疑:I 和 me的用法

    Welcome to Ask a Teacher – a new program where readers ask questions and teachers answer them.
    欢迎收听名师答疑节目。在这个新节目中,读者们可以提问,老师会给出解答。

    Some of the first words English students learn are "I" and "me." But even native English speakers do not always know which one to use in a sentence. In today's Ask a Teacher, Fernanda from Brazil gets right to the heart of the problem. Here is her question.
    英语学生最早学习的一些单词是 I 和 me 。但是即使是母语为英语的人士也不总是知道在句子中使用哪一个。在今天的名师答疑节目中,巴西的Fernanda直接进入了这个问题的核心。以下是她的提问。

    Question:
    提问:

    Sometimes I don't know when to use "I" or "me." For example, I want to tell someone that I made some food with a friend. How can I say it: "Monica and I made the food?" or "Monica and me made the food"? -Fernanda, Brazil
    有时候我不知道什么时候用 I 或 me。 例如,我想要告诉某人我跟朋友一起做了一些食物。我该怎么说呢?应该说 “Monica and I made the food? ”还是“Monica and me made the food?” - 来自巴西的Fernanda。

    Answer:
    答疑:

    Hello Fernanda!
    Fernanda,你好。

    I can tell that you know to use the word "I" when you are the only subject of the sentence. You correctly wrote "I want..." for example. In this case, "I" is the subject and "want" is the verb.
    But you are asking about a situation involving two people: you and your friend.
    当你是句子中唯一的主语时,你知道使用 I 这个单词。例如你正确地写出了“ I want…”在这种情况下, I 是主语, want 是动词。你问的是涉及你和你的朋友两个人时的情况。

    Let's review what you already know to find the answer.
    让我们来回顾一下你已经知道的知识,以找出答案。

    "I" is a subject pronoun. It refers to the person performing the action of a verb. Use "I" for the subject of the sentence.
    I 是主语代词。它指的是执行动作的人。 I 用作句子的主语。

    "Me" is an object pronoun. It refers to the person receiving the action of a verb. Use "me" for the object of the sentence.
    Me 是宾格。它指的是接受动作的人。Me用作句子的宾语。

    In your sentence about cooking, are you and your friend the subject or the object of the verb "made"? In other words, are you the ones making the food – or is the food making you?
    在你关于烹饪的句子中,你和你的朋友是动词 made 的主语还是宾语?换句话说,是你制作食物呢还是食物做成你?

    You are making the food, of course. So, the answer to your question is: "Monica and I made the food." In this sentence, the whole subject is "Monica and I."
    显然是你制作食物。所以,你的问题的答案就是“Monica and I made the food”。在这句话中,完整的主语是 “Monica and I”。

    subject pronouns
    主语代词
    I, you, he, she, it, we, they

    object pronouns
    宾语代词
    me, you, him, her, it, us, them

    Let's look at a few more sentences with "I" as part of the subject:
    让我们来再看几个用 I 做主语的句子:

    In September, Monica and I are starting classes.
    莫妮卡和我九月份要开始上课。
    
When can Monica and I visit the new museum?
    莫妮卡和我什么时候可以参观新博物馆?

    And sentences with "me" as part of the object:
    以及用me作宾语的句子:

    What did you bring back for Monica and me?
    你给我和莫妮卡带了什么?
    
David is giving Monica and me a ride to the airport.
    戴维正开车送我和莫妮卡去机场。

    How to decide
    如何决定

    If you're still not sure whether to choose "me" or "I," try keeping just the pronoun. Listen:
    如果你还是不确定用 me 还是 I ,请尝试一下仅保留代词。听下面一句:

    What did you bring back for Monica and I?
    你给我和莫妮卡带了什么?

    You would not ask, "What did you bring back for I?" The correct way to form the question is: "What did you bring back for me?" Then you can just add the other person back to the sentence: "What did you bring back for Monica and me?"
    你肯定不会说“What did you bring back for I?”,正确的问法是“What did you bring back for me?”然后把另一个人重新放回句子中,这句话就是 “What did you bring back for Monica and me?”

    And that's Ask a Teacher.
    以上就是今日名师答疑的全部内容。

    I'm Alice Bryant.
    我是艾莉丝·布莱恩特。(51VOA.COM原创翻译,禁止转载,违者必究!)

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