Many Asian countries that depend on exports are facing supply shortages, power cuts and other problems.

    Information released Thursday showed that Japan's factory production has slowed and expectations for China's manufacturing have weakened.

    Japan's Suzuki Motor Corporation became the latest automaker to freeze production lines for several days because of a lack of parts. Suzuki said it expected to suspend operations at a factory in central Japan. Another factory is also expected freeze production for two days.

    Japan's emergency coronavirus measures ended on September 30. But other countries have put restrictions back in place. This has made experts unsure about economic conditions.

    Pandemic-related shutdowns have affected manufacturers across Asia. In Japan, factory production in August fell by 3.2 percent from the month before. Automakers and producers of information technology products and other electronic equipment were the hardest hit, the Japanese government reported.
    大流行相关的停工影响到了亚洲各地的制造商。在日本, 8月份的工厂生产比前一个月下降了3.2%。日本政府报告称,汽车制造商以及信息技术产品和其它电子设备的生产商受到的打击最大。

    Other automakers also have slowed operations. They say shortages of computer chips and other parts are interfering with normal production.

    Shortages may last longer than expected

    Retail sales in Japan fell 4.1 percent from a month earlier. That was more than expected. Weak demand for clothing and appliances were blamed for the decrease.

    In a commentary, Harumi Taguchi of research company IHS Markit warned: "Risks of semiconductor and other component shortages could persist for an extended period." Semiconductors are very important part for electronics. Taguchi blamed new coronavirus infections in some countries and slow vaccination campaigns in Southeast Asia.
    调研公司IHS Markit的田口晴美在评论中警告称:“半导体和其它组建短缺的风险可能会持续很长时间。半导体是电子产品中非常重要的部分。田口晴美将原因归咎于一些国家的新冠病毒感染以及东南亚疫苗接种迟缓。

    In addition to Japan, an official study of factory managers showed that Chinese manufacturing also slowed in August.

    The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index is a widely-used measure of business activity. For China, the index number fell from 50.1 in August to 49.6 in September. An index value of less than 50 means that business activity is decreasing while a value over 50 means it is expanding.

    The study was carried out before power shortages began causing factories in some parts of China to suspend operations.

    Julian Evans-Pritchard of researcher Capital Economics said in a report that the chemical and metal industries, which are energy intensive, showed the most weakness. Pritchard said that business leaders "noted that material shortages and transportation delays were still holding back output."

    Increasing demand for computers for people working from home instead of the office has resulted in limited supplies of computer parts.

    Shortages of shipping containers and temporary shutdowns of ports because of COVID-19 outbreaks also have led to slowdowns in bringing products to market.

    The Dutch bank Rabobank said in a report on the shipping industry that closures of ports have had long-term effects.

    Rabobank reported: "Chinese and South-east Asian ports are still suffering the consequences of those earlier closures, with record queues of ships waiting to unload." Queue means a line of people or things in waiting.

    It estimated that 10 percent of shipping containers around the world are on ships waiting to be unloaded at a port.

    I'm Mario Ritter, Jr.