21 March, 2016
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.
Few people would disagree that email makes our lives easier. But misusing email can cause problems. And I'm not talking about hitting the "reply all" button when you didn't mean to.
Answering all those emails and processing all that information can overload the brain, causing stress.
So says the Future Work Centre, a business based in London. This company carries out psychological research on people's experiences in their workplaces.
The centre's Richard MacKinnon was the lead writer of a report on messaging habits. He calls email a double-edged sword. In other words, email can be both good and bad. Americans also use the saying cuts both ways for something like a double-edged sword.
But back to the culture of emailing.
Emails provide a useful way to communicate. But they could add to tension in the mind, causing stress.
Come rain or shine, some office workers are under pressure to read and answer emails all day long.
Jonathan Rowe has an office job in London. His complaint is a common one: too many emails. He says reading work emails when you're at home blurs the boundaries between work and leisure.
"Just general day-to-day pressure to be available all the time, to answer emails all the time, to perhaps eat into people's leisure time and blur the boundaries between work and leisure..."
Psychologists are concerned about the pressure that workers bring on themselves. Dr. Richard MacKinnon spoke with VOA News on Skype.
He says that email can be a valuable, time-saving communication tool. But it can also be a source of stress and even anger for many of us.
He adds that the stress does not come from the number of emails you get. The problems result from when and how you deal with them.
According to the study, there are two very stressful email behaviors. One is leaving email on all day – and never signing off. The other is reading and answering emails early in the day and late at night.
"Checking your email very early in the morning, or checking it late at night, or leaving your email on all day, that has a much stronger relationship with email pressure. So it's not necessarily about how many emails we receive..."
Which jobs are most affected by email stress?
But not all jobs are equally stressed by email. The jobs most affected by email stress are:
- public relations,
- media and
- Information Technology
Educational experts have also written several reports on how email overloads are stressing out teachers.
Ways to cut down on your email stress
MacKinnon says bad email behaviors are linked to higher levels of stress in office workers. The Future Work Centre report gives several suggestions on avoiding email stress.
- Use email with a plan. Do not just react to endless email alerts. If you use an email application, or app, on your device, close it down when you want to be left alone.
- Use your "Out of Office" reply more often.
- If you need to communicate with a co-worker, call or better still walk to their office and talk about it.
- Be careful with the "reply all" option. For example, if you are accepting an invitation to attend training, just write back to those who need to know. Trust me. Other workers on that mailing list will thank you.
- And accept the fact that if a matter is urgent employers will call you about it.
The Future Work Centre report claims that in 2014, people sent an estimated 196.3 billion emails. The average adult spent more than an hour a day answering emails.
Email is certainly not going anywhere. So, it is important to control your emails and not the other way around.
I'm Anna Matteo.
VOA's Martin Secrest spoke with Dr. MacKinnon for this story. Anna Matteo adapted his report and added other information for Learning English.
Words in This Story
stress – n. a state of mental tension and worry caused by day-to-day problems
double-edged sword – idiomatic expression something that has both good and bad parts or results
cuts both ways – idiomatic expression to have a mixed effect.
day-to-day – idiomatic expression happening every day
eat into – idiomatic expression to use or take away a large part of something valuable, such as money or time
come rain or shine – idiomatic expression no matter whether it rains or the sun shines; in any sort of conditions
complaint – n. the act of saying or writing that you are unhappy or dissatisfied with something
blur – v. make or become unclear; often used in the expression to blur the boundaries between two things
leisure – n. time when you are not working; time when you can do whatever you want to do