From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

    Few people would disagree that email makes our lives easier. But misusing email can cause problems. And I'm not talking about hitting the "reply all" button when you didn't mean to.

    Answering all those emails and processing all that information can overload the brain, causing stress.

    So says the Future Work Centre, a business based in London. This company carries out psychological research on people's experiences in their workplaces.
    总部位于伦敦的未来工作中心(the Future Work Centre)也这么说。这家公司对人们在工作场所的各种经历进行了心理学研究。

    The centre's Richard MacKinnon was the lead writer of a report on messaging habits. He calls email a double-edged sword. In other words, email can be both good and bad. Americans also use the saying cuts both ways for something like a double-edged sword.
    该中心的理查德·麦金农(Richard MacKinnon)是这篇关于讯息传递习惯的报告的主要作者。他称电子邮件是一柄双刃剑。换句话说,电子邮件有利有弊。美国人还经常使用cuts both ways 这种说法来表达双刃剑这类意思。

    But back to the culture of emailing.

    Emails provide a useful way to communicate. But they could add to tension in the mind, causing stress.

    Come rain or shine, some office workers are under pressure to read and answer emails all day long.

    Jonathan Rowe has an office job in London. His complaint is a common one: too many emails. He says reading work emails when you're at home blurs the boundaries between work and leisure.
    乔纳森·罗(Jonathan Rowe)在伦敦做办公室工作。他的抱怨很常见:电子邮件太多了。他说,在家时查看工作邮件模糊了工作和休息之间的界限。

    "Just general day-to-day pressure to be available all the time, to answer emails all the time, to perhaps eat into people's leisure time and blur the boundaries between work and leisure..."

    Psychologists are concerned about the pressure that workers bring on themselves. Dr. Richard MacKinnon spoke with VOA News on Skype.

    He says that email can be a valuable, time-saving communication tool. But it can also be a source of stress and even anger for many of us.

    He adds that the stress does not come from the number of emails you get. The problems result from when and how you deal with them.

    According to the study, there are two very stressful email behaviors. One is leaving email on all day – and never signing off. The other is reading and answering emails early in the day and late at night.

    "Checking your email very early in the morning, or checking it late at night, or leaving your email on all day, that has a much stronger relationship with email pressure. So it's not necessarily about how many emails we receive..."

    Which jobs are most affected by email stress?

    But not all jobs are equally stressed by email. The jobs most affected by email stress are:

    • marketing,
    • public relations,
    • media and
    • Information Technology

    Educational experts have also written several reports on how email overloads are stressing out teachers.

    Ways to cut down on your email stress

    MacKinnon says bad email behaviors are linked to higher levels of stress in office workers. The Future Work Centre report gives several suggestions on avoiding email stress.

    Use email with a plan. Do not just react to endless email alerts. If you use an email application, or app, on your device, close it down when you want to be left alone.

    Use your "Out of Office" reply more often.

    If you need to communicate with a co-worker, call or better still walk to their office and talk about it.

    Be careful with the "reply all" option. For example, if you are accepting an invitation to attend training, just write back to those who need to know. Trust me. Other workers on that mailing list will thank you.

    And accept the fact that if a matter is urgent employers will call you about it.

    The Future Work Centre report claims that in 2014, people sent an estimated 196.3 billion emails. The average adult spent more than an hour a day answering emails.

    Email is certainly not going anywhere. So, it is important to control your emails and not the other way around.

    I'm Anna Matteo.