In a speech to the nation, President Michel Temer said the vote in the Senate was open and democratic. He called it a moment of hope to reclaim confidence in Brazil. And he urged Brazilians to put the national interest above group interests.
The Senate impeachment and conviction of Rousseff ends 13 years of rule by the Workers Party of Rousseff and former president Louis Ignacio Lula da Silva.
参议院弹劾并判定罗塞夫有罪终结了劳工党罗塞夫和路易斯·伊格纳西奥·卢拉·达·席尔瓦（Louis Ignacio Lula da Silva）长达13年的统治。
The Senate voted 61 to 20 to end the presidency of Brazil's first female leader. She was found guilty of violating budgetary laws in an effort to improve her chances of re-election in 2014.
Rousseff faced questions about the case for 14 hours on Monday.
Her removal raises questions about the future of social programs, which are said to have lifted millions of Brazilians out of poverty.
After the vote, Rousseff called her removal an attempt to seize power and restated that she was innocent of the charges. In a statement, she said, "They (Senators) decided to interrupt the mandate of a president who had committed no crime. They have convicted an innocent person and carried out a parliamentary coup."
Mark Jones is a Latin American expert at Rice University in Houston, Texas. He told VOA that Brazil is deeply divided and faces difficult economic problems.
Jones called Temer, who had been Rousseff's vice president, a deal-maker who is willing to make compromises to get things done.
Temer's Democratic Movement Party had ruled in a coalition with Rousseff's Workers Party until now.
Jones called the charges against Rousseff comparatively minor. He said they did not involve personal enrichment or illegal payments. He added that Rousseff faced public anger over suspected corruption involving her party.
He added that had Brazil's economy been growing instead of shrinking Rousseff would likely still be in office.
I'm Jonathan Evans.