23 July, 2015
A United Nations agency says the number of North Korean children being treated for severe malnutrition increased more than 30 percent last year.
The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, or OCHA, prepared the report. It said the number of North Korean children being treated for severe malnutrition jumped by 38 percent between 2013 and 2014. The report is based on information from the Community Management of Acute Malnutrition, or CMAM, a United Nations Children's Fund program. The UNICEF program treats children with malnutrition.
The report says the increase coincided with the beginning of a period of drought, or lack of rain. The findings suggest that the recent drought affecting North Korean crops might have made the children's malnutrition worse.
The North Korean government has reported that the drought in 2014 left 9 percent of agricultural land impossible to farm. This year, the drought has worsened. All North Korean provinces have had less rain than their historical averages.
OCHA warned that the malnutrition situation could worsen because of shortages in oral rehydration salts needed to treat diarrhea.
UNICEF said it is sending more aid to the country.
Christopher de Bono is UNICEF's spokesman for East Asia and the Pacific. He said, "We are sending more oral rehydration salts, as well as additional micro-nutrients, ready-to-use therapeutic food and special oral rehydration salts to the DPRK to be prepared in case the situation of children further deteriorates."
The UNICEF official said the agency provided water purification substances and containers for 1,300 families in Unpha County in North Hwanghae Province. It is considered to be one of the areas most affected by the drought.
North Korea is facing chronic food shortages and growing humanitarian needs. A study from 2012 showed that almost 30 percent of North Korean children under five years of age suffered from chronic malnutrition. Four percent of children of the same age group were affected by acute malnutrition.
However, the U.N. humanitarian operations are suffering from a severe lack of money. In 2015, the U.N. requested $104 million to provide humanitarian assistance to North Korea, including food aid. It has received only $33 million.
I'm Mario Ritter.
Hyunjun Kim reported this story from Washington. Jee Abbey Lee provided additional information. Mario Ritter wrote it for VOA Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor.
Words in This Story
malnutrition – n. the state of having too little food or food lacking important nutrients
acute – adj. very serious or dangerous: requiring serious attention or action
coincided – v. taking place at about the same time
therapeutic – adj. providing a benefit to health; treatment, medicine or activity meant to cure a health problem
deteriorate – v. to become worse as time passes
chronic – adj. long-term; taking place over a long period of time