01 October 2022
International students who come to the United States often study science, technology, engineering and mathematics, also known as STEM. Not as many come for programs in humanities or the arts, the 2021 Open Doors Report says.
Under U.S. laws, after finishing school, international students are permitted to work in the country for one year under the Optional Practical Training, or OPT program. For STEM students, the program extends their work permit for an additional two years in their field of study.
The U.S. immigration office publishes the STEM Designated Degree Program List for study programs that it considers for the OPT extension. The programs include "new technologies using engineering, mathematics, computer science, or natural sciences (including physical, biological, and agricultural sciences)."
But international students who are interested in business, psychology, news reporting and even theater should know that more study programs in the U.S. are coming to the list.
New STEM-designated programs
Northeastern University in Boston, Massachusetts, is currently looking for students for a STEM-designated journalism program that will start in one year.
The program will offer a Master of Science degree in Media Innovation and Data Communication. Students will take classes such as "Telling Your Story with Data" and "Digital Journalism."
John Wihbey teaches journalism and media innovation at Northeastern. He said today's journalists need to be able to work on data visualization projects, read business printouts and work on digital media such as video and audio. Many journalism students are already doing this work, so it makes sense for schools to create new study programs.
"And so those students who were inclined in that direction ended up taking a lot of interactive graphics, design, data viz and coding courses. And so we started to see graduates who we, you know, had no question belonged in the world of STEM."
Northeastern's new program joins other journalism programs at schools like New York University, the University of Southern California and the University of South Florida that have a STEM designation. At New York University, the school also lists drama therapy and psychology among STEM-designated programs.
At one point, the U.S. government was worried that OPT was taking jobs away from American workers. However, once President Joe Biden's administration came into office, the chance for international students to do two extra years of OPT actually increased.
In the STEM Designated Degree Program List released in January 2022, several new study areas were included. The new study programs include forestry, data visualization, psychology, business analytics, animal behaviors, and research methods in social sciences.
Eunkyu Lee is a business and marketing professor at Syracuse University in New York state. He said international students who want to work in the U.S. should look for STEM-designated programs when they are searching for colleges. People may think that business study programs such as marketing do not require STEM skills. But Lee said that is not true.
"There is a growing emphasis on the importance of data analytics. You can imagine that each time you make a call or visit a web page, or use your mobile devices, a huge amount of data are being accumulated."
Data, Lee said, "is of great concern" to businesses. So students with STEM degrees have an advantage when it comes to finding jobs.
And then, because of the extended OPT, a student might be able to find an employer who will help them get a work visa.
I'm Dan Friedell.
Dan Friedell wrote this story for Learning English.
Words in This Story
journalism –n. the activity or job of collecting, writing, and editing news stories for newspapers, magazines, television, or radio
humanities –n. areas of study (such as history, language, and literature) that relate to human life and ideas
designate –v. to mark, show, or represent (something)
innovation –n. the act or process of introducing new ideas, devices, or methods
field –n. an area of work or study
graduate –n. a person who has completed a study program
analytics –n. the careful study of something in order to take away meaning
accumulate –v. to gain or collect something
visualization –n. the act of showing something with pictures or colors
incline –v. to cause (someone) to want to do something or to be likely to do something
therapy –n. the treatment of a physical or mental illness
emphasis –n. special importance given to something