Now, the VOA Special English program, WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.
Today we explain more popular proverbs. A proverb is a short, well known saying that expresses a common truth or belief. Proverbs are popular around the world.
Many listeners have sent us their favorite proverbs. They give advice about how to live. We begin with two popular proverbs about staying healthy by eating good food: One is an apple a day keeps the doctor away(每天一苹果，疾病远离我). Another is you are what you eat(人如其食，意思是你想身体健康，就要注意饮食健康).
Several proverbs about birds also give advice. You may have heard this one: The early bird catches the worm(早起的鸟儿有食吃). This means a person who gets up early, or acts quickly, has the best chance of success.
Another famous proverb is a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush(一鸟在手，胜于二鸟在林). This means you should not risk losing something you have by seeking something that is not guaranteed.
Here is another piece of advice: Do not count your chickens before they are hatched(鸡蛋尚未孵,别忙数鸡雏。意思是不要过早打如意算盘). In other words, you should not think too much about some future event before it really happens.
Another proverb warns do not put all your eggs in one basket(不要把所有鸡蛋放在一个篮子里). This means you should not put all of your resources together in one place because you could risk losing everything at one time. Many Americans learned this the hard way by investing all their money in stock shares, which then lost value. Another proverb says a fool and his money are soon parted(笨蛋难聚财). This means someone who acts unwisely with money will lose it.
Here is more advice: If at first you don't succeed, try, try again(再接再厉，终会成功). Also, never put off until tomorrow what you can do today(今日事，今日毕).
You might learn that haste makes waste(欲速则不达) if you do something so fast, resulting in mistakes. Most people would agree with this proverb: honesty is the best policy(诚信为本).
Yet another proverb advises us not to be concerned about something bad that you cannot change. It says there is no use crying over spilled milk(不要为打翻的牛奶哭泣).
Do you agree with the proverb that children should be seen and not heard(大人说话，小孩别插嘴)? Maybe you have told your children that hard work never hurt anyone(多干活累不坏人). But other people say that all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy(只学习不玩耍，聪明孩子也变傻). They believe it is not wise to spend all your time working and never having fun.
Finally, here is one of our favorite proverbs: People who live in glass houses should not throw stones(自身有短，勿批他人). This means you should not criticize other people unless you are perfect yourself.