10 January, 2015
The United Nations says conflicts forced many people from their homes during the first half of 2014. The U.N. refugee agency reported this week that 5.5 million people were forcibly displaced during that six-month period. The agency says these men, women and children added to the record 51.2 million people who were displaced worldwide by the end of 2013. At this rate, U.N. officials fear the number of people forcibly displaced might set another record.
Between January and June of 2014, 1.4 million people fled across international borders, becoming refugees. The rest -- more than 4 million people -- became displaced within their own countries.
Adrian Edwards is a spokesman for UNHCR -- the U.N. refugee agency. He says that, for the first time, Syrians have become the largest refugee population. Until now, Afghans were the single largest population. Afghans were the biggest group overseen by UNHCR for more than 30 years.
"Syria has really been the war that's changed everything -- almost 10 million refugees and internally-displaced people as of mid-2014. Those numbers are still rising. One in every four refugees that UNHCR is today dealing with is a Syrian. Syria is what happens when a war won't be stopped and in that region around Syria, where so many refugees are, we're meanwhile seeing that asylum is becoming massively stretched."
The new U.N. report says the world is facing a deadly mix of both new and old conflicts. The report notes relatively new conflicts in places such as Syria, the Central African Republic and South Sudan. It says this unrest is taking place at the same time that old conflicts continue to displace individuals and families.
The UNHCR says there are 2.7 million Afghan refugees worldwide. They represent the largest protracted refugee population under the U.N. agency's care. The report lists the home countries of other big refugee populations. After Syria and Afghanistan, the largest numbers of refugees under the agency's care come from Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Myanmar -- also known as Burma -- and Iraq.
The UNHCR's Adrian Edwards says poor countries and those close to areas of conflict have the hardest time dealing with refugees.
"Relative to their population sizes, Jordan and Lebanon are hosting most refugees -- almost 1.8 million combined. The biggest economic burden though is being felt by other countries -- that's Ethiopia and Pakistan, in particular, which relative to the size of their economies that have more refugees than any other country. Major conflicts and displacement in places such as Central African Republic, South Sudan is also happening. That's in danger of being forgotten by publics and by donors."
Adrian Edwards notes that African conflicts are not limited to African nations alone. He says the humanitarian and economic effects for poor, neighboring countries are huge.
He says some countries are sheltering hundreds of thousands of refugees, yet lack the money and supplies to care for them. He says they often fail to receive the financial support they need from wealthy donor governments.
I'm Christopher Cruise.
Correspondent Lisa Schlein reported this story from Geneva. George Grow wrote it for VOA Learning English. Mario Ritter edited it.
Words in This Story
refugee - n. a person who has been forced to flee because of unjust treatment, danger or war
population – n. all the people in a place, city or country
individuals - n. single people; single members of a larger group
sheltering - v. protecting or giving protection to
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