State universities in California are planning to limit admission of undergraduate students from other states and from overseas.

    The decision follows release of a report by the state's auditor, Elaine Howle. She found qualified California residents were being denied admission to California state universities because of the acceptance of many non-state residents.
    该决定是在该州审计员伊莱恩·豪尔(Elaine Howle)发布一份报告之后。她发现加州符合资格的居民被加州的州立大学拒绝录取,原因就是这些学校招收了很多州外居民。

    Under the new policy, enrollment of non-California residents will be limited to 18 percent at five University of California campuses. Those campuses are: Santa Barbara, Davis, Santa Cruz, Riverside and Merced.

    At the four other campuses, in Los Angeles (UCLA), Berkeley, Irvin and San Diego, the percentage of non-state residents is already above 18 percent. Those schools will not be permitted to go above their percentage of non-state residents admitted for the 2017-2018 school year.

    The policy will take effect at the start of the 2018-2019 school year.

    Emotional Debate at Board Meeting

    There was emotional debate at Thursday's Board of Regents meeting as a majority of members voted to limit out-of-state residents.

    Board member Hadi Makarechian was once an international student. He moved to California from Iran in the 1960s.
    理事会成员哈迪·马凯臣(Hadi Makarechian)曾经是一名国际学生。他于上世纪六十年代从伊朗搬到了加州。

    Makarechian told the board he fears the new limits will lead gifted international students to look elsewhere for college.

    "I know the ‘in thing' today is to build walls, but we are building a wall around the University of California by doing this," he said.

    But University of California President Janet Napolitano said the new limit on out-of-state residents is a "balanced" decision.
    但是加州大学校长珍妮特·纳波利塔诺(Janet Napolitano)表示,这项对州外居民的限制是一项“平衡”的决策。

    Napolitano said the policy supports "our pledge that non-resident students will be enrolled only in addition to, and never in place of, Californians." But it still provides opportunities for students from around the world, she said.

    The state university system in California is one of the largest in the world. It serves about 210,000 undergraduate students. About 16.5 percent of them are from outside California.

    About 10.9 percent of non-California undergraduates are international students. They come from about 100 countries.

    There are financial reasons for the acceptance of so many non-state residents. California state universities receive about $61,000 a year from non-state residents, compared to about $34,000 per student for in-state students. That is a difference of about $27,000.

    In March, UCLA Chancellor Gene Block told the board that extra tuition from non-state residents helped his university avoid cuts and add some courses, even as state education spending dropped.
    今年三月份,加州大学洛杉矶分校校长吉恩·布洛克(Gene Block)对理事会表示,来自州外居民的额外学费帮助该校避免了削减开支并增加了一些课程,即使该州的教育支出有所下降。

    But, as the Regents met last week, its members were mindful of another issue. The California state government had been holding up $18.5 million in aid to the state's universities until the board moved to reduce non-state admissions.

    Assemblyman Kevin McCarty had led the move to hold up the financing. He said lawmakers have been hearing from parents who say their children were being denied admission to state universities in favor of out-of-state students with "lower academic scores."
    加州的州众议员凯文·麦凯迪(Kevin McCarty)领导了冻结融资的这一举措。他说,议员们一直听到父母们抱怨他们的孩子被州立大学拒绝录取,以便录取学分更低的州外学生。

    Competition for admission at California universities is intense.

    UCLA received 102,000 applications for the 2017 freshman class, the school reported. It is the first time that over 100,000 students asked to be admitted.

    Last year, UCLA accepted about 17,500 for its 2016 freshman class, the school reported. Of that number, 10,406 were state residents, 4,614 were out-of-state residents and 2,454 were from outside the United States, the school reported.

    Of the 17,500 accepted, 6,546 were enrolled at the Los Angeles university. About 25 percent were from outside California.

    I'm Bruce Alpert.

    And I'm Alice Bryant.