17 December, 2015
The United States central bank has raised an important interest rate by one-fourth of 1 percent.
The move may have been small, but it marks the first time since late 2008 that the Federal Reserve has raised important interest rates that it controls. The federal funds rate, a rate paid by banks for short-term loans, is now one-half of 1 percent.
The Federal Reserve Open Market Committee decides monetary policy for the U.S. The committee announced the change Wednesday in a statement on economic policy. It had met for two days in Washington.
Janet Yellen, the first woman to lead the Federal Reserve System, spoke after the announcement.
The committee's decision was based on a few factors, Yellen said. Economic growth is expected to continue in the U.S. Another reason to increase interest rates, Yellen noted, was the low official rate of inflation. The central bank has said its target inflation rate is 2 percent. It says that rate would help support employment and keep prices stable. However, inflation currently is not at the target rate, but below 1 percent.
The high exchange value of the dollar has also kept inflation low, Yellen said. The strong dollar means the prices of imported products remain low.
The federal reserve chief also said the strong labor market provided another reason to raise rates. The U.S. economy is adding about 200,000 jobs each month.
Yellen described the path to higher interest rates as normalization. The central bank's interest rates are well below historical averages.
The Federal Reserve, or Fed, also released its expectation for some important economic numbers. The fed expects its federal funds rate to reach between 2 percent and 4 percent by 2018.
Yellen was asked if the Fed may have moved too soon in increasing interest rates. She answered that the central bank had weighed many risks and had made a small move.
She said, "The Fed's decision today reflects our confidence in the U.S. economy."
The central bank has kept the interest rates it controls at nearly zero to support lending and economic activity. Financial policymakers considered this necessary as the country recovered from the "Great Recession" from 2007 to 2009.
During that period, home prices dropped sharply and unemployment jumped in the worst financial crisis since the 1930s.
I'm Mario Ritter.
Mario Ritter wrote this report with additional material provided by VOA's Ken Bredemeier. Kathleen Struck was the editor.
Words in the Story
factors – n. something that helps to produce or influence a result
monetary – adj. relating to money policy in a country's economy
normalization – n. the process of bringing something back to historical norms