17:to bum; turn off

现在大家可能都已经很熟悉Michael和李华了吧!他们俩都在纽约上大学。纽约有许多酒吧都是爱尔兰移民开的。今天Michael要带李华去看一个酒吧。Michael在讲话时会用两个常用语:to bum和turn-off。

L: 嗨,这儿好热闹啊!Michael, 在爱尔兰酒吧里大家喝些什么呢?

M: People normally drink a large beer that is usually served warm.

L: 我可从来没喝过热的啤酒,一大杯也喝不了,要一小杯行不行?

M: Well, you can order whatever you want, but I need to bum a couple of dollars, if you don't mind.

L: 随便我要什么都行呀!那好,就来一小杯。对了,你刚才说要是我不在意的话,你想bum a couple of dollars, 那是什么意思啊?

M: What I mean is, can I borrow a couple of dollars from you.

L: 原来你要问我借几块钱!

M: Yes. But don't use this word for big things. For example, you would not ask your friend, "Can I bum your car?"

L: 噢,在问别人借大的,象汽车之类的东西时,不能用bum这个字,bum 只能用在问人借小东西的时候。

M: Yeah, it's usually used when asking for something small, like a piece of gum or candy.

L: 哟,你们美国人,怎么一片口香糖,一颗糖还要借啊?难道真的还要还吗?

M: No, small things you don't need to return, such as gum and candies.

L: 这很重要,因为在这种情况下,我们中国人就不说借了,我们大概会说:给一颗糖吧。

M: You are right Li Hua. But if you feel cold at a friend's home and you asked to bum a sweater, then you would return it when you were going to leave.

L: 对,要是在朋友家感到冷要借一件毛衣,那一般都应该还的。所以,这要看情况,对不对?

M: Yes, if you will let me bum a couple bucks tonight, I promise to pay you back tomorrow.

L: 行,行,行,就借你两块钱,你问服务员要酒吧,我来付钱。可明天别忘了还我。

M: Okay. Two beers please!

L: 我以前有一个朋友,每次跟她一起出去,不管去看电影,还是去 喝咖啡,她总是问我借钱。

M: A girl I used to hang out with acted the same way. Whenever a group of us went out, she would always ask to bum money. It got to be a real turn-off.

L: 你也碰到过这样的人哪? 等等,a real turn-off? 这是什么意思呀?把什么东西关掉?

M: No, a turn-off is something that repels someone.

L: 噢, 是一个让人讨厌的什么东西。 是不是指一个人的性格里有什么地方让你不喜欢他?

M: Yes, that's right. Let me give you an example. Your ex-boyfriend always smoked cigarettes around you, that was a real turn-off.

L: 是啊,我以前的男朋友跟我在一起的时候老是抽烟,那真是讨厌。

M: A girl I once dated always interrupted me whenever I was talking. That was a real turn-off.

L: 对,你告诉过我,你从前的女朋友老是打断你的话,让你很讨厌。 我还有一个朋友把脏衣服在房间里到处乱扔, that was also a turn-off.

M: See, you've learned how to use turn-off. By the way, I also have dirty clothes lying around my apartment. Does that bother you?

L: 哼,你也把脏衣服到处乱扔?你要是不打扫乾净的话,别想请 我到你家去。

M: Ok, I'll try to clean it up.

各位听众,今天李华从Michael 那里学到了两个常用语,一个是: to bum,意思是借钱或其他东西;另一个是:a turn-off,意思是让人讨厌的地方。这次就到此结束,下次节目再见。

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