日本批准重启两座核反应堆 Japan Approves Restart of Two Nuclear Reactors

日本原子能规制委员会最终核准重新启用两座核反应堆。3年前,这两座核反应堆在福岛核电站发生熔毁事故后关闭。

日本原子能规制委员会星期三说,日本西南部的仙台核电站可能重新启动,但还需要得到当地政府的批准。

一些活动人士说,由于附近有火山,该核电站不安全,但日本原子能规制委员会认为这种危险微乎其微。

2011年地震和海啸后日本对核电站制定了更严格的标准。仙台核电站是根据这些标准重新启用的第一个。

福岛核电站事故使周边地区遭到核辐射,此后日本当局关闭了所有核反应堆并加以维修。自那时以来,日本转而依靠矿物燃料,民众要承受较高的能源价格。

但日本国内反对核能源的声音仍然很强。安倍首相的官邸前不断发生抗议活动。安倍一直努力推动日本重启核电站。

日本能源短缺,核能源一度占日本所需能源总量的四分之一以上。

Japan's nuclear regulator has given final approval to restart two reactors shut down following the Fukushima nuclear meltdown three years ago.

The Nuclear Regulation Authority said Wednesday that the Sendai power plant in southwestern Japan could reopen, although local approval is still needed.

Some activists say the plant is not safe because of nearby volcanoes, though regulators have said the danger from this is minimal.

It would be the first of Japan's nuclear plants to restart under stricter standards following the 2011 earthquake and tsunami disaster.

Japan switched off its nuclear reactors for maintenance after the Fukushima accident crippled the plant and exposed the surrounding area to radiation. Since then, Japanese citizens have faced higher energy prices as the nation switched its dependence to fossil fuels.

But opposition to nuclear energy in Japan remains strong, with repeated protests staged in front of the office of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who has been pushing to get Japan's nuclear plants running again.

Nuclear energy once supplied more than quarter of the power in resource-starved Japan.