And now, Words and Their Stories from VOA Learning English!

    Eggs. People all around the world eat eggs. You can cook them in many different ways!

    My favorite way to eat eggs is sunny side up. You heat up a pan, add some oil or butter and crack an egg into it. One side of the egg cooks until the white part becomes solid. The yellow part of the egg -- the yolk -- stays yellow. It looks like a happy sun on a plate. That is why we call it "sunny side up."
    我最喜欢吃的是单煎一面蛋黄在上的鸡蛋。把平底锅烧热,放入一些食用油或黄油,然后打入鸡蛋。单煎一面鸡蛋,直至蛋清变硬。蛋黄部分保持鲜嫩。它看上去就像是一个快乐的太阳在盘子里。这就是为何我们将其称为“sunny side up”。

    The adjective "sunny" is also used to describe people.

    A very happy person can be described as sunny. We often pair "sunny" with two other words: disposition and personality. Generally speaking, these are the ways that people behave.
    一个非常快乐的人就可以称之为“sunny”。我们通常将sunny跟另外两个单词配对:disposition 和 personality。一般来说,这是指人们的行为方式。

    Let's listen to some examples using these common word pairs.

    My co-worker Pete is known for his sunny personality. Anyone who meets him likes him. He has a really sunny disposition and is always smiling. Pete always seems in a good mood.

    Pete: Hi, Anna! Isn't it a beautiful day?

    Anna: Sure is, Pete!

    Pete: You have a great afternoon! See you later!!
    Anna: See you, Pete.

    What a happy guy.

    We can also call a very happy person a "ray of sunshine." In nature, a ray of sunshine is the light from the sun. It cuts through clouds and darkness to brighten the day.
    我们也可以将一个非常快乐的人称之为“ray of sunshine”。在自然界中,阳光是来自太阳的光线。它穿过云层和黑暗,照亮每一天。

    People who are rays of sunshine do the same. They lift your spirits, or make you feel happy. They bring joy into the lives of others.

    But sometimes we use this expression in a sarcastic way. In other words, I might call someone "a ray of sunshine" if they are acting unhappy or even angry.
    但是有时我们会用讽刺的方式来使用这个表达。换句话说,如果某人表现得不开心甚至是生气,我可能会称其为“a ray of sunshine”。

    Let's say my friend is in a bad mood. There is nothing especially wrong, but nothing seems to make her happy. I could say to her: "Well, aren't you a ray of sunshine today."

    Now, just so you know ... this comment probably would make her even LESS happy! Sarcasm can easily make people angry. So, if people are mad or sad for a good reason, it may not a good idea to say something sarcastic like this.

    Of course, no one is happy all the time. But some people are able to think about the good things in life more than the bad. In other words, they choose to look on the sunny side of life.

    On other programs, we have talked about this kind of person. People who see the good in nearly every situation are optimistic. They are hopeful. They see the glass as half full, not half empty.

    The next time you run into a bump in the road -- which is another way to say a little problem -- try your best to see the sunny side.

    And that's all the time we have. Join us again next week for another Words and Their Stories!

    Until next time ... I'm Anna Matteo.