07 September, 2014
The militant group known as the Islamic State has claimed responsibility for killing American journalists James Foley and Steven Sotloff. Americans are now debating whether the United States should have paid money to the group in exchange for their release.
Reports say that Islamic State militants asked for millions of dollars before the execution of newsman James Foley. The U.S. government bars ransom payments to kidnappers. However, the head of the online news agency where James Foley worked says that the reporter's parents were hoping to raise money to pay for his release. Philip Balboni is president of the GlobalPost news agency. He says the U.S. government knew what Mr. Foley's parents were doing but did not stop them.
Mr. Balboni said that the militants did not say exactly how much money they wanted. He said the parents began to raise money because they hoped the kidnappers would let them pay for their son's release.
Deborah Pearlstein is a professor at the Yeshiva University Cardozo School of Law in New York City. She says that there is no law that stops the U.S. government from paying money to or negotiating with terrorist groups. She says Congress could pass a law to keep the president from doing that but it has not. She believes that the government is talking about U.S. policy, not law, when officials say they do not negotiate with terrorists.
But another law professor, John O. McGinnis, says that it would be against the law to give money to some groups. He teaches at the Northwestern University School of Law in Illinois. Under U.S. law, people cannot give money or provide other support to terrorist groups.
Daniel Benjamin is director of the John Sloan Dickey International Exchange Center at Dartmouth College. He says that in the case of ransom payments to kidnappers, the laws have never been enforced by the U.S. government.
I'm Anne Ball.
Hu Wei reported this story. Jill Robbins wrote it for Learning English. George Grow edited it.
Words in the News
enforce – v. to make something happen
execute – v. to kill
kidnap – v. to seize and take away by force; kidnapper - n. one who takes a person away by force.
militant - n. someone active in trying to cause political change, often by the use of force or violence
policy – n. an established set of plans or goals used to develop and make decisions in politics, economics or business
release – v. to free; to permit to go. n. a freeing or releasing.