22 February, 2016
New York Stock Exchange traders are wondering which way a volatile financial market will move in the upcoming months.
Low oil prices combined with less demand around the world have weakened American stock prices.
By the close of trading last week, the Standard and Poor's 500 was down more than 6 percent this year. But the S&P 500 Index rose 2.8 percent on Friday to rebound from a New Year's slump.
On Monday, the S&P 500 was up 27 points to close at 1,945. The Dow Jones Average, the main measure of major American stocks, rose 228 points to close at 16,620.
Wall Street traders and analysts are looking at factors that would keep the market in the positive. But for now, Wall Street watchers expect extreme ups and downs.
The term "choppy trade" is used often now on Wall Street. A choppy market occurs when prices swing up and down with no major price movement in either direction.
NYSE's Peter Costa said: "I think there is more volatility in these markets. What you may see is choppy trade with 200- to 300-point swings in the Dow, and 40 in the S&P 500 ... for at least the next couple months."
This week is an important one for the market. Financial reports on consumer spending should be released by Target, Macy's, Home Depot and Lowe's. The Consumer Confidence report is set to be released Tuesday.
American retail leader Wal-Mart recently reported earnings below estimates and lowered its full-year sales guidance.
Consumer spending is a key factor to watch as the fourth-quarter earnings season comes to a close, said market analyst Lindsey Bell.
Another sector traders will contend with this week includes a gross national product report Friday.
I'm Jonathan Evans.
This report was based on a report from VOANews. Jim Dresbach adapted this story for Learning English. Additional information came from Reuters and CNN. Kathleen Struck was the editor.
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Words in This Story
volatile – adj. likely to change in a very sudden or extreme way
rebound – v. an increase or improvement after a decrease or decline
slump – n. a sudden decrease in prices or value
Dow Jones Average – n. the daily average of the stock prices for a group of large American companies
choppy – adj. marked by sudden stops and starts
gross national product – n. the total value of the goods and services produced by the people of a nation during a year