08 October, 2018
About half of young people in the United States expect to be more financially successful than their parents, a new study finds. This may be a sign that the dream of upward mobility lives on, even if not everyone believes in it.
The study comes from the Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs and the media company MTV. Researchers questioned 580 Americans from ages 15 to 26, as well as 591 parents of people in that group.
The study found that around half of the young people think they will have stronger household finances than their parents. About 29 percent expect to do as well financially as their parents. Twenty percent expect to do worse.
Parents were a little more hopeful: 60 percent think their children will do better than they themselves did. The 60 percent included parents of all earning levels. Twelve percent of parents said that they felt their children might do worse.
It is no longer a guarantee that children will be able to improve upon the financial situation in which they grew up. In 2016, economist Raj Chetty and other experts released a study confirming this idea. They found that about half of the Americans born in 1984 earned more at age 30 than their parents, down from 92 percent in 1940.
Jennifer Narvaez of Miami, Florida, believes she will be wealthier than her parents. She holds an undergraduate degree in biology and is planning on attending medical school to become an expert on the human heart.
The 23-year old said she expects as a college graduate to have better chances to get a job and own a home than her parents. They were born in Nicaragua and immigrated to the United States.
Narvaez is less sure about the future of the U.S. economy, especially as the nation appears to be heading into a trade war with China.
"It's a weird time," she told the Associated Press. "I feel like it's hard to predict what will happen because of the kind of administration we have."
Alex Barner, 20, also felt hopeful that he might do better than his mother. She was 18 when she had him and raised him on her own. Barner is attending college in New Mexico and is considering a future career in business.
Barner has some unease about the direction in which the nation and its economy are headed. Like Narvaez, he is concerned about U.S. trade policies.
Barner also said he feels politicians need to pay more attention to issues that have an immediate effect on people like health care and student loan forgiveness.
The study found young Americans are divided on their predictions for the nation's economy in the year ahead. The most common opinion, at 41 percent, was that the economy would remain the same. Thirty percent of those questioned said they expect it to worsen. And 29 percent predicted the economy would improve.
The parent group was also divided: 38 percent expect the economy to stay the same, 35 percent expect improvement and 27 percent expect conditions to get worse.
I'm Pete Musto.
Sarah Skidmore reported this story for the Associated Press. Pete Musto adapted it for VOA Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor. We want to hear from you. How financially successful do you think you will be in the future? Write to us in the Comments Section or on 51VOA.COM.
Words in This Story
upward mobility – n. the ability to move into a higher social or economic position
undergraduate degree – n. a degree that is given to a student by a college or university usually after four years of study
graduate – n. a person who has earned a degree or diploma from a school, college, or university
weird – adj. unusual or strange