13 October, 2016
Member states of the United Nations have elected Portugal's former prime minister Antonio Guterres, the organization's next secretary-general.
Assembly president Peter Thompson introduced the resolution. It was accepted by all 193 U.N. member states.
With the approval, diplomats broke into applause.
The U.N. Security Council nominated Guterres by acclamation last week after six unofficial votes.
He was elected from among 13 candidates. Seven women and six men campaigned for the secretary-general position.
His election disappointed many who had campaigned for the first woman or the first Eastern European to lead the U.N.
Guterres spoke to VOA during the campaign. He said he was seeking to lead the U.N. because he wanted to "create the conditions for solutions" to global challenges.
Gutterres served as prime minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002.
More recently, he led the U.N. refugee agency from 2005 until the end of 2015.
U.N. members widely praised the nomination.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban ki-Moon of South Korea called Guterres a "superb choice." Ban has led the U.N. since 2006. His term ends December 31.
Russia's U.N. Ambassador, Vitaly Churkin also praised Guterres. Churkin said, "He's a high level politician. He's been prime minister of his country. He is a person who talks to everybody, listens to everybody, speaks his mind, very outgoing, I think, open person."
Guterres will be the ninth person to hold the position in the organization's 71-year history.
As chief of the U.N., the secretary-general oversees about 44,000 employees and more than 100,000 peacekeepers. The position involves dealing with issues like human rights, refugees and climate change, as well as fund-raising for the U.N.'s many campaigns.
I'm Mario Ritter.
Joshua Fatzick reported this story for VOA News. Mario Ritter adapted it for VOA Learning English with additional material from AP, AFP and Reuters. Ashley Thompson was the editor.
What do you think of the choice of Antonio Guterres as the next secretary-general of the United Nations? Let us know in the comment section.
Words in This Story
applause – n. a show of approval or appreciation at a play, speech, sporting event, etc., in which people strike their hands together over and over
acclamation – n. a vote on something by cheers or clapping
disappointment – n. the state or feeling of being made unhappy by something or someone
superb – adj. extremely good : excellent or brilliant in a very noticeable way
outgoing – adj. used to describe someone who is friendly and likes being with and talking to other people
challenges – n. difficulties, problems to be overcome
fund-raising – n. activity done to collect money for a political party, charity, school, etc.